In our back, several vertebrae are attached on top of each other to form the spine. Between these vertebrae, there is a canal which gets formed. The spinal cord and other nerves go through this canal to the brain. Sometimes, due to some reasons, the inner part of the vertebrae start overgrowing. These overgrown bones are called as the lamina. As a result, the canal gets narrower and narrower putting a pressure on the spinal cord. This pressure can cause extreme pain and numbness in the back area and can also get transferred to the legs and also have a negative effect on the bladder.
In the Lumbar Laminectomy, the surgeon makes an incision on the back where the lamina is created. Using very small sized instruments, the layer of muscles is separated from the bones. By separating the muscles, the surgeon can directly get an access to the lamina. By inserting tools in that area, he removes all the lamina. The surgeon can also remove the herniated discs that are broken and floating there in the spine.
There are two methods of performing lumbar laminectomy as follows:
- Open Surgery (traditional method): in this procedure, the lamina are removed by making a big incision at the back. This method can lead to huge blood losses and can lead to many complications.
- Minimally invasive technique: In this method, the entire surgery is performed by inserting a camera through a small incision, using very small tools and equipments. This procedure can give precision, saves a lot of blood and also takes less time for recovery.
After the surgery the surgeon gives a list of do’s and do not’s to the patients. It is very important that the patients follow these guidelines to get a positive result of the surgery. They are as follows:
- The patients are given a set of exercises that they must do these exercises at regular intervals.
- The patients must not engage themselves in heavy physical activities immediately after the surgery and are instructed to take a bed rest for at least next 3 months.
- They must also take the prescribed medications in time.
The success rate of this surgery is very high in India. Approximately 80-85% patients who undergo this surgery, observe a huge difference after the surgery. In very rare cases, the surgery can lead to complications like blood clots, pain, etc. But this condition is fatal in very rare cases.
The basic cost of Lumbar Laminectomy starts from 5500 USD in India. The cost of same surgery outside India is five times more than that in India. The cost can however rise up to 7000 USD in case of any complications in the surgery.
Following are some of the best hospitals in India to get this surgery:
- Primus super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
- Fortis escort Heart Institute, Delhi
- Apollo Hospitals in India
- Columbia Asia Hospital
- BLK Super Speciality Hospital
Following are some of the best experienced doctors who have performed many lumbar laminectomy surgeries in India:
- Dr. SK Rajan
- Dr. Ramneek Mahajan
- Dr. Arun Saroha
- Dr. Arvind Kulkarni
- Dr. Sajan K. Hegde
- Dr. Sonal Gupta
- Dr. Bipin Walia
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