A healthy heart is indispensable for leading a vigorous and quality life. Being a muscular organ, the heart is located between the lungs and pumps blood throughout the body with the help of the blood vessels. It thus helps in circulating oxygen and nutrients, along with the removal of metabolic waste from the body. Different heart diseases are treated with cardiac surgery and heart transplantation. Open heart surgery is a procedure where a patient’s heart is opened and operated. As a replacement to the open heart surgery, minimally invasive surgery can also be performed where instead of the five to eight inch incision done in the former method; the cardiac surgeon uses the machine for the operation. However, the most common type of heart surgery is the Coronary artery bypass grafting which is used to treat people suffering from acute coronary heart disease. Surgeons also perform heart surgeries to repair heart valves which help in regulating the blood flow.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the most beneficial cardiac surgeries that help in improving the blood flow to the heart. In case of patients suffering from acute heart diseases where Plaque blocks the coronary arteries reducing the blood flow, then CABG brings utmost relief. In this procedure, a healthy artery from the body is connected to the blocked one, thus creating a new channel for the oxygen rich blood to reach the heart. This surgery has consequential results and reduces the rate of heart attacks and angina, thereby aiding the patients to live an active and healthy life.
Angioplasty is also effectual in treating coronary artery diseases, where the doctor fits a thin tube with a tiny balloon at it’s end and inserts it through a blood vessel upto the affected artery. The balloon then is inflated to push the plaque outward which widens the artery, regulating the blood flow. Heart attack risks are also reduced by this surgical procedure.
Cardiac Surgeries Available
- Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Surgery (AAA)
- Atrial Septal Defect ASD Closure / Repair Surgery
- Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (AICD)
- Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery
- Double Outlet Right Ventricle (DORV) Surgery
- Heart Valve Replacement Surgery
- Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery
- Open Heart Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Coronary Angioplasty
- Coronary Stenting
- Drug Eluting Coronary Stenting
- Peripheral Angioplasty
- Carotid Artery Disease Treatment
Leading cardiac hospitals in India
The topmost hospitals in India that perform successful and effective heart surgeries of different types are:
- The Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi.
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon.
- Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi.
- Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Bengaluru.
- Indrapastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi.
- BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi.
- Sarvodaya Hospital, Faridabad.
- Global Hospitaks, Hyderabad.
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai.
- The Wockhardt Heart Institute, Mumbai.
Top rated cardiac surgeons in India
Apart from the best means of treatment and a reasonable cost of operation, India has some of the world renowned cardiac surgeons who perform fruitful surgeries and render the required to heart patients.
Some of the most competent doctors are
- Dr. Naresh Trehan
- Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty
- Dr. Mahadev Dixit
- Dr. Vivek Jawali
- Dr. A. Sampath Kumar among the others.
Expected Cost of heart surgery in India
Affordable treatment is rendered to patients suffering from heart diseases in India. The price of heart surgery in countries like UK, USA or Europe is six times compared to that in India. While treating children affected with acute heart problems the cost is ten to fifteen times lower than in any European country. Hospitals in India have expert cardiac surgeons along with the latest surgical technology for treating heart patients. However, different operative methods have their own respective charges. Angioplasty here starts from $4500 whereas open heart surgery costs around $4400 and varies according to the patient’s condition. Minimally invasive bypass surgery and valve replacement is done from $6000 respectively. Heart transplant in India is comparatively lower with a cost of around $50000.
Why is cost of heart surgery in India cheap ?
Low surgical costs attracts people from all over the globe who undergo various heart treatments in India. The hospitals not only help in successful treatment of the cardiovascular disorders but also ensure quick recovery and have been able to build the trust among the patients on a global platform. Angioplasty is a widely practiced process of operation along with open heart surgery and insertion of synthetic pacemakers. Open heart surgeries in private hospitals amounts to Rs.2.5 lakhs and gets even cheaper when carried out in any government hospital, ranging between Rs. 75000 to Rs 1 lakh. Also, to treat the holes in the heart which are commonly referred to as Atrial Septal defects and Ventricular septal defects, the surgical cost is affordable.
What technologies are used
To treat various heart problems like ischaemic heart disease, valvular heart disorder and other related cardiovascular difficulties, heart surgeries are performed. India not only has the best cardiac hospitals but also has advanced equipments inclusive of Cardiac MRI, PET scan and CT scan, latest echo- cardiography, SPECT thallium and Robotic Surgery. These methods of diagnosis help the doctors even to treat the most complex heart problems. Besides, valuable medical facilities and services are extended to the patients at a moderate price. According to recent findings, a 99% success rate is ensured by The Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi which carries out the maximum number of coronary artery bypass operations
Coronary Bypass Surgery in India is performed in the regular manner of splitting through the sternum. Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery is a recent development in the field of cardiac operation and is considered to be a revolutionary development as deft robotic instruments are used for the procedure. The process is considered to be safe and a 4cm incision is done through the left side of the chest without cutting the bones or splitting the muscles. This technique amounts to inconsiderable blood loss and with the incision measuring 2-3 inches, helps in quick recovery. Apollo Hospitals is considered to be one of the top most hospitals in India rendering CABG surgeries with the latest technology and proficient surgeons.
Risks involved in Heart Surgery
Following the traditional method of open heart surgery makes the patient prone towards chest infection, blood clot and unease. In severe cases it might lead to a heart attack or a lung or kidney failure. Proper incision care and regular checkups are required for successful recovery. Age and physical ailments like diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure are also taken into due consideration while performing the operation. In the case of “On-pump” cardiac surgery, a pumping heart is stopped for avoiding excessive blood loss as an incision is required to operate inside the chambers of the heart. A bypass machine is thus used to continue pumping the blood to the rest of the body. Though with time, this technique has evolved, yet serious risks persist and in extreme cases, might lead to death.