After the birth of a child, the wall between the lower chambers of the heart naturally closes to prevent the mixing of the oxygenated blood with the blood low in oxygen content. Ventricular Septal Defect / VSD thus arises when the hole separating the chambers does not close in children. This causes higher pressure in the heart or decreases the oxygen level in the body. Some children can have VSD, along with other heart disorders. Though it is congenital in nature, in rare circumstances might also occur in adults. Such cases require VSD Surgery.
Two common categories of VSD are as follows:
- Perimembranous VSD – It is an opening near the valves in the upper region of the ventricular septum. This defect is seen in 75% of all VSD cases.
- Muscular VSD – Occurrence of this defect is rare, around 20% and comprises an opening in the lower section of the ventricular septum.
Two prevalent methods of performing a Ventricular Septal Defect by the cardiac surgeons are the intra-cardiac procedure and the trans-catheter process. Depending on the patient’s condition, the nature of VSD and its related side effects, the type of surgery is decided by the doctors. The cardiac catheterization team performs the operation using minimally invasive, catheter based technique to repair large holes. This causes minimal pain in comparison to the conventional surgical method and ensures a shorter recovery with a assured return to normal life.
The intra cardiac procedure is an open heart surgery and during the surgical process the patient is under cardiopulmonary bypass (Heart-lung machine) to regulate the blood flow. The pediatric surgeons use this approach on majority children. With gradual passage of time, the artificial patch installed gets surrounded with natural tissues thus fixing the defect. If the hole is small enough, then chances of acute health problem is less. Small VSD often heal own their own. Open heart surgery is required if the defect is large and causes serious problems. Medicines are given for a temporary time to help cope with VSD pain, but ultimately surgery is required.
Open heart surgery is conducted to fix a large VSD defect using an artificial patch or pericardium. A large incision is made along the middle of the rib cage. Tissues eventually grow around the patch and become a permanent part of the heart.
A patient undergoing ventricular septal defect surgery might have certain health problems after the surgery. They should be careful about:
- Myocarditis i.e. inflammation of the heart muscles
- Wound Infection and blood clotting.
- Arrhythmias needing pace makers and medications
- Pleural pericardial effusions.
- Strenuous physical activity should be avoided after surgery.
Ventricular septal defect surgery ensures a complete recovery and findings suggest that patients who have undergone the surgery generally have a normal life span. The success rate of the surgery is 94% and is rare cases; a second surgery is needed to cure further complications. Most patients including children generally experience a remarkable improvement after VSD surgery. Surgeries are successfully done in majority cases, with rare occurrences of significant leakage.
India with its superior network of medical units and experienced doctors has created a benchmark in the field of cardiac surgery. The low cost treatment attracts international patients and the treatment cost amounts to almost 1/4th when compared with other developed western countries and commences from $5000. The conventional surgery cost differs from that of the cardiac catheterization approach. The treatment package price also varies with the following factors: the age and condition of the patient, the technique used along with the charge of the catheter and also differs from one city to another.
- Hospital Stay : 4 Days
- Single Room Cost: $6300
- Twin Sharing Cost: $5250
- Post Discharge Stay in India: 7 Days
Leading cardiac specialty hospitals in India possess the latest technology and advanced surgical equipments like robotic facilities and monitoring devices to ensure better recovery. Thus, cardiac treatment has significantly developed in India, attracting international patients suffering from different heart diseases to undergo effective treatment here. Some of the major hospitals for VSD surgery are:
- Global Hospital, Chennai.
- Wockhardt Hospital and Heart Institue,Mumbai.
- Medanta-The Megacity, Gurgaon.
- Max Healthcare Hospital, Gurgaon.
- Kailash Hospital and Heart Institute, Noida.
- Fortis Escorts Hospital
- Apollo Hospital, Chennai.
- Fortis Hospital, Kolkata.
- Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Yeshwantapur.
In India, we have experienced surgeons and cardiologists possessing thorough knowledge in dealing with different heart complications. They provide effective remedial treatment as per the patient’s requirement. The most distinguished cardiac surgeons for VSD surgery are:
- Naresh Trehan ( Medanta- The Medicity, Gurgaon)
- Rajesh Sharma ( Jaypee Hospital, Noida)
- Ali Zamar Khan (Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon)
- Nandkishore Kapadia ( Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai)
- Amar Nath Ghosh ( Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata)
- Sarajit Kumar Das ( Fortis Hospital, Kolkata)
- K M Mandana (Fortis Hospital,Kolkata)
- Madan Kumar ( Apollo Hospitals, Chennai)
- K R Balakrishnan (Fortis Malar Hospital)
- Bashi V Velayudhan (SIMS Hospital, Chennai)
MedTour2India has been helping many international patients to get their required cardiac treatment done at an affordable price without compromising on the quality of the treatment rendered. Some of the patients have shared there is
“My baby daughter was suffering from ventricular septal defect. With rising complexities in her health and lack of proper medical facilities in Nigeria, I decided to travel down to India for her treatment. I had derived information from the internet and the group MedTour2India came to my aid. The hospital along with its surgeons and support staff really made our stay comfortable. My daughter received proper remedial care and soon the surgery was conducted. The operation was successful and she recovered soon. Within a week, my daughter got discharged and regular checkups were advised by the therapist. With the proper medical aid and the expertise of the surgeons, she experienced a complete recovery within a short span. I would definitely recommend patients suffering from VSD, to get in touch with MedTour2India and visit India for an effective treatment.”
“My son was born with ventricular septal defect. The doctors after careful scrutiny detected a large VSD when he was 5 months old. An open heart surgery was recommended by the doctors. On our consent, the surgeons conducted the surgery successfully and to my relief, my child’s condition had improved a lot after the surgery. Within a week, there were remarkable improvements in his health and I was highly satisfied with the treatment rendered by the hospital and the support staff. Now, my child is leading a normal life and it would never have been possible, without the help of MedTour2India with who took care of my son’s needs during the treatment. I would like to suggest any patient suffering from cardiac disorders about referring to MedTour2India for catering to the needs of an effective treatment.