Our entire body consists of very delicate tissues and muscles which can get damaged due to injury or a small incision making them weak. Thus, a surgery type has been invented which is known as hip arthroscopy.
In Hip Arthroscopy, a relatively small incision is made of 5-10mm (it is of the size of a key hole approximately) or sometimes arthroscopy also requires 2 such incisions to be made to carry out a successful arthroscopy. After making the required incision at the right place, a small HD camera is inserted through the cut, inside the hip area. The camera shows every small detail inside the hip area on the screen outside. The process where, problem in the hip area is identified using the camera is called as Hip Arthroscopy.
The surgeons then insert very small instruments and tools to operate the hip bones and hip joint. The process where the identified damage in the hip area is operated by inserting tools is called as the Hip Arthroplasty. A special table called as the hip traction table is used to do hip arthroscopy because it allows an easy access and a clear view to the hip joint. Hip Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive approach to operate the hip bones.
Through this minimally invasive hip arthroscopy one gets the following benefits:
- Faster recovery
- Less pains after the surgery
- Comfort while walking and doing other activities
- Less blood loss
- Less stay in the hospital
The hip arthroscopy can treat the following hip problems:
- Labral tear: there is a thin layer of tissues around the femur and in the acetabulum. This layer might get damaged.
- Loose bodies: the end of the hip bone is made of a ball like structured cartilage. This cartilage can break into pieces and float in the joint area.
- Snapping hip syndrome: when a tendon or any other internal part gets caught in the joint, it can be freed through arthroplasty.
Hip Arthroplasty: Sometimes the total hip replacement surgery is also done through arthroplasty. This surgery is called as the total hip arthroplasty. It is a very complicated procedure but with the help of the updated medical sciences and technology, the total Hip replacement surgery can be conducted through arthroplasty.
It is not advisable to undergo hip arthroplasty in the following cases:
- If the patient has already gone through many open hip surgeries.
- If the person has undergone many revisions
- If the patient suffers from extreme osteoarthritis
- If the patient suffers from arthrofibrosis ( in this the persons hip becomes stiff and it becomes hard to identify the problem through arthroscopy)
Read More on Hip Arthroscopy : American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
In today’s developing world in this field, more and more people are opting for arthroplasty for their worn shoulders, knee, ankle, wrist, hip etc. According to a survey, the complication rate of the minimally invasive hip surgery is very low. There are only 2% chances of the surgery failing and causing further more problem. The following complications can follow the surgery:
- Blood clots in the veins and joints
- Fluctuation in the blood pressure
- Heart attack or stroke (abnormal heart beat rhythm)
- Infection in the joint or hip area
- Gastrointestinal problems
- Post- surgery chest infections
- problems to pass the urine
In very rare cases, the hip arthroplasty can also lead to death. But the probability of this happening is equal to nil.
The hip arthroplasty requires surgeon with great experience and also the use of the latest tools and technology. Thus, the hip arthroplasty cost is much higher than the normal orthopaedic hip surgery. In India the minimum cost of hip arthroplasty starts from $5000 and it can range till $10,000 depending on many other factors. This fee is inclusive of the following:
- Doctors fee
- Stay in the hospital
- Other incidental costs
The cost of this surgery changes from person to person depending on his health background, types of implants used, etc. In spite of this surgery being an expensive one, it is still cheap if compared to the other countries. Also, the care and services provided by Indian hospitals of an international quality. There are also various kinds of packages that the hospitals offer to their foreign patients to make their experience in India hassle-free. This is the main reason why people from many other countries come to India for hip arthroplasty because they get the best treatment in a reasonable cost.
- Hospital Stay : 3 Days
- Single Room Cost: $6,500
- Twin Sharing Cost: $5,000
- Post Discharge Stay in India: 7 Days
There are a number of hospitals in India which provide the world-class Joint Replacement surgeries. They have the latest devices needed for Arthroscopic surgeries imported from the foreign lands. Following are some of the best hospitals offering the best orthopaedic surgeries:
- Fortis Hospital in Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, etc.
- Apollo Hospital in Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, etc.
- Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
- Indraprastha Hospital, New Delhi
- Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, etc.
India has some very talented surgeons who have had experience not only in India but also in other countries. They have an experience of many years in this field. Some of the best and famous doctors performing hip Arthroplasty in India are as follows:
- Dr. Udai Prakash- Udai Omni Hospital
- Dr. Subhash Dhiware- Fortis Hiranandani hospital
- Dr. Chandramouli B- Fortis Hospital
- Dr. Pradeep B Bhosale- Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai
- Dr. SKS Marya- Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon
- Dr. Ashok Rajgopal- Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
- Dr. Sanjay Dhar- Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Mumbai
For the patients who are facing serious hip problems due to their increasing age or any other injury, they must immediately consult a doctor. Only after considering all the pros and cons of traditional open hip surgery and hip arthroplasty, one must decide which surgery is the most suitable for him and then must proceed further to get operated.